Topographical Index of Huntingdonshire

Topographical Index of Prehistoric Finds in Huntingdonshire

 

Abbreviations.

  • Pal =Palaeolithic.
  • Neo.=Neolithic
  • Br.=Bronze Age
  • Ir.=Early Iron Age.
  • G.W.A.=Information from Mr G. Wyman Abbott.
  • C.M.C.=Information from Mr. C. M. Coote, of Houghton Grange, Huntingdon.
  • C.F.T.=Information from Mr. C. F. Tebbutt, of St Neots.
  • J.R.G. =Information from Dr. J. R. Garrood, Alconbury Hill, Huntingdon.

Local Index

Location Age Object Source

Abbots Ripton

Pal

Ochreous Coup de Poing, 5in. long.

 

Alconbury

 

Flint Scraper, et.

J.R.G.

 

Neo. or later

Polished axe of greenstone 3.5in. long by 2.25 in. by 1in. found on stone heap by roadside, therefore provenance uncertain.

J.R.G.

 

Ir.

Settlement site near Weybridge Farm. Pottery, etc., penes

J.R.G.

Awalton

Neo

Flakes widely scattered over the parish

 G.W.A.

Bluntisham

 

Small surface stone implements found between 50 ft. and 100 ft. contours

C.M.C.

   

Small surface stone implements found by river

C.F.T.

Brampton

Neo

Two polished celts

Camb. Mus.

Buckworth

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

J.R.G.

Bury

Neo

Flakes scattered on high land adjoining fens.

 

Caldecote

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, very scarce

G.W.A.

Catworth, Little

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

G.W.A.

Chesterton

Neo.

Flakes scattered over parish, including high land west of Ermine Street, where blue-white patinated flints are frequent

G.W.A.

Conington

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, rare on uplands

G.W.A.

 

Br.

Spear-head, bronze, looped, found in fenland at Bruce’s Castle Farm. See Camb. & Hunts Arch. Soc. Trans., 1924, p. 250.

J.R.G

Denton

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, very scarce

G.W.A.

Earith

Ir.(?)

Iron dagger with knobbed hilt, found in 1849

Wisbech Mus.

Easton

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce.

 

Elton

Pal.

Flakes found in pit by Railway Station

G.W.A.

 

Neo.

Small implements scattered in fair numbers over the parish

G.W.A.

 

Br.

Food-vessel ‘found between the skulls of two skeletons,’ 1888, in pit east of Railway Station

Peterborough Mus., J. Laurance Coll.

Eynesbury in St Neots

Neo.

Small surface implements near river bank

C.F.T.

Farcet

Neo.

Scattered on surface of land above the Fens.

G.W.A.

Fletton

Pal.

Mainly flakes; see text p. 198 and Geol. Mag., x, 414-416.

 
 

Neo.

Flint implements found, scattered over parish

G.W.A.

 

Br

Food-vessel and cinerary urn, found in 1904 on hillside between Fletton and Farcet.

 
 

Br

Skeleton found near above

Bodger Coll. Peterborough Mus

 

Br

Palstave

Peterborough Mus.

 

Ir.

Settlement site (pile dwellings ?) in London Brick Co.’s Yard No. 1

G.W.A.

Gidding, Great, and Gidding, Little.

 Neo.or later

Small surface implements, very scarce

G.W.A. and J.R.G.

Glatton

Neo.or later

Small surface implements, very scarce

G.W.A.

Godmanchester

Neo.

Two polished celts. Rev. F.G. Walker notes numerous flint flakes at 50-100 ft. contours in this parish; and small flint tools, etc., at Emmanuel Knoll.

Camb. Mus.

Gransden, Great.

Ir

British coin, A/, uninscribed [Evans, British Coins, Supplement, p. 435.]

Evans, British Coins, Supplement, p. 435.

Hail Weston

Neo.

Small surface implements; one polished celt, glacial gravel, on 100 ft. contour

C.F.T.

Haddon

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, rare

G.W.A.

Hartford

Pal.

One flake

J.R.G.

 

Neo.

Greenstone celt, 7 in. long. Evans, Stone Implements, 104 and Proc. Soc. Antiq. V. (1870), 35. Two stone celts found ‘near the fords of the Ouse,’ R. Fox, Hist, Godmanchester (1831), p. 27 f. Small surface implements found between 50 ft. and 100 ft. contours

C.M.C.

 

Br.

Two palstaves, one looped 5.6 in. long, the other not looped, (?) currency form. ‘R. Fox,1819’; Huntingdon Institute. Burials of uncertain date, some possibly pre-Roman, found in 1870, are recorded in Proc. Soc. Ant. V. 34.

 

Holme

 

See Whittlesey Mere.

 

Holywell cum Needingworth

 

Small surface stone implements found between 50 ft. and 100 ft. contours.

C.M.C.

Houghton

 

Arrowheads and other small surface flint implements found between 50 ft. and 100 ft. contours.

C.M.C.

Huntingdon

Neo.

Flakes found on rising land above river

G.W.A.

 

Ir.

British coin A/, un-inscribed; Evans, British coins, Supplement, p. 434.

 

 

Br.

Note.- In the Huntingdon Institute there are fragments of bronze implements (socketed axes) unlabelled; and one rapier-like bronze dagger. The labelled implements in the Institute are of local provenance; and these also were probably found in the Ouse valley.

 

Keyston

Neo.

Greenstone celt with knob terminal, in Brit. Mus., Arch. Journ., viii, 422; Evans, Stone Implements, fig. 83a Text p. 200, fig. 3.

 

Leighton Bromswold

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

J.R.G.

Morborne

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, rare

G.W.A.

Orton Longueville

Pal.

Journ. Brit. Arch. Assoc., xliv., 182 ff. See text p. 198 and fig. 2. Neo. Small surface implements scattered over the parish.

G.W.A.

 

Ir.

Hut circles and other evidences of settlement in Orton Park gravel pit and other pits.

G.W.A.

Orton Waterville

Pal.

Flakes and implements found in pits by the church south of the Oundle road

G.W.A.

 

Neo.

Scattered over the parish, but more frequent near the river on gravel soil

G.W.A.

Paxton, Great.

Neo.

Small surface implements ‘on the river slope’

C.F.T.

Paxton, Little.

Neo.

Small surface implements scattered on fields near river

M.B. and C.F.T.

Pidley

Br.

Two socketed axes, looped, plain (one damaged), found in 1846, ‘when under-draining land’

Huntingdon Institute

Ponds Bridge or Ponders Bridge (at junction of Ramsey, Whittlesey and Fracet parishes)

Neo.

Two celts of greenstone and syenite [Peterborough Mus.]-one is labelled ‘Whittlesey Mere’; the provenance here recorded is vouched for by Mr. J.W. Bodger, curator.

Peterborough Mus.

 

Br.

Rapier, bronze, found ‘near Ponds Bridge’

Peterborough Mus.

Ramsey

Neo.

Stone axe, Ramsey station. Penes Rev. W.M. Noble.

 

 

Br.

Palstave found ‘just north of the Herne’ [Peterborough Mus.] Palstave, penes Mr William Shelton, of Ramsey. The Rev. W.M. Noble writes to C.F. 18 Feb. 1923, ‘many bronze implements have been found in the Fens by Ramsey and Worlick.’ A palstave and a chisel from the parish are in Wisbech Mus.

 

Ramsey St. Mary’s

 

Br. Beaker found with a skeleton in a gravel hillock in the Fen.

Peterborough Mus.

St Ives

Neo.

 Small surface stone implements found between 50 ft. and 100ft. contours.

C.M.C.

 

Ir.

British coin, A/, Tascio Ricon. Evans, British Coins, 267-70.

 

St. Neots

Neo.

Chipped grey flint celt.

Peterborough Mus.

 

Br.

Socketed bronze axe, looped, three ribs on face

Camb. Mus

Sawtry

Neo or later

Small surface implants, very scarce on uplands

G.W.A.

 

Br.

Perforated granite axe hammer, found in Sawtry Fen.

Brit. Mus.

Somersham

Br.

Two beakers and Overhanging-rim urn.

Camb. Mus.

 

Ir.

Small vase with finger-tip indentations on rim and shoulder; with it a tiny bowl-like vessel. Found in Parkle Lane.

Camb. Mus.

Stanground

 

Neo. Widely scattered, but scarce. Once chipped chisel. Majority of implements found at Horsey Bridge.

G.W.A.

 

 

Br. Beaker and food-vessel found on Whittlesey Road.

Peterborough Mus.

 

 

The ancient course of the Nene and its banks near Horsey have yielded many implements. A socketed axe and two palstaves1 are in Peterborough Museum, where also is a small hoard of rough metal

Bodger Coll.

 

 

A second hoard (6-7 lb.) from the same place was melted down. Artis figures a bronze spear with protected loops found at the ‘junction of the old river with the new Nene’ [Durobrivae, pl. lvi, 4.]

Bodger Coll.

Stibbington (Sibson-cum-Stibbington)

Pal.

Flakes found in pits by church north of North Road

G.W.A.

 

Neo.

Numerous implements, arrow heads, etc., widely distributed

E.W.A.

 

Br.

Cremation burial at Paper Mills

 

Stilton

Neo. or later

Small surface implants, found on uplands, but very scarce

G.W.A.

Stukeley, Great

 

Two round barrows, the situation suggests Roman period.

 

Stukeley, Little

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

J.R.G.

Warboys

Br.

Tow bronze spear heads, one looped, found in Warboys Fen

Camb. Mus.

 

Ir.

Bronze chape

Brit. Mus.

 

 

Dug out canoe [Noble, Cambridge County Geographies, Hunts, p. 83.]

 

Water Newton

Pal.

Flakes found in grave pit north of North Road, with remains of mammoth, ox, horse.

G.W.A.

 

Neo.

Flint artefacts, usually blue-white, numerous on high land south of North Road.

G.W.A.

 

Ir.

A late type urn, probably associated with a cremation burial.

Bodger Coll., Peterborough Mus.

 

 

The Ford Green tumulus, probably pre-Roman [Artis, Durobrivae, pl. xxxi], was situated close to the river north-west of the Roman camp in G.W.A.’s opinion (? Northants or Hunts).

 

Whittlesey Mere (in Holme, Farcet and Yaxley Parishes)

 

Br. Bronze axe with slight flanges.

Peterborough Mus.

 

 

Bronze axe, socketed, plain, labelled ‘Peterborough,’ found in the Mere, according to Mr. J. W. Bodger

Peterborough Mus.

 

 

Bronze spear-head, socketed, with protected loops, ‘found in the draining of Whittlesey Mere’

Peterborough Mus.

 

 

An oak log canoe, probably of the Bronze age, found in 1851, is mentioned by Heathcote, Fen and Mere.

 

Wistow

Neo.

Small surface implements found on edge of Fen

G.W.A.

Woodstone

Neo.

Small implements, scattered, but found more especially on the gravels

G.W.A.

 

Br.

Cremated burial, urn and beads found in gravel pit

G.W.A.

 

Ir.

Pits and (?) hut sites containing early Iron Age remains, found in Hicks’ and Baker’s gravel pits, on south side of Oundle road; skeletons also found; extended burials, age uncertain/

G.W.A., see also J.T.Irivne, in Journ. Brit. Arch. Ass., xliv, 182-5.

Woodwalton

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

J.R.G.

Woolley

Neo. or later

Small surface implements, scarce

J.R.G.

Wyton

Neo.

Small surface stone implements found between 50 ft. and 100 ft. contours

C.M.C.

Yaxley

Neo.

Small flint implements are scattered over the high land, but are scarce

G.W.A.

 

Br.

One flat bronze axe found in Yaxley Fen

Brit. Mus.

 

 

 

 

 

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